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Eating behaviors and health-related quality of life: A scoping review

  • Octavio Pano
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, School of Medicine-Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain.
    Affiliations
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

    Navarra Institute for Health Research, IdiSNA, Pamplona, Spain
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  • Magda Gamba
    Affiliations
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

    Graduate School for Health Sciences, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
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  • Vanessa Bullón-Vela
    Affiliations
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

    Navarra Institute for Health Research, IdiSNA, Pamplona, Spain
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  • Inmaculada Aguilera-Buenosvinos
    Affiliations
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

    Navarra Institute for Health Research, IdiSNA, Pamplona, Spain
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  • Zayne M. Roa-Díaz
    Affiliations
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

    Graduate School for Health Sciences, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
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  • Beatrice Minder
    Affiliations
    Public Health & Primary Care Library, University Library of Bern, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
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  • Doris Kopp-Heim
    Affiliations
    Public Health & Primary Care Library, University Library of Bern, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
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  • Jessica E. Laine
    Affiliations
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

    MRC Centre for Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
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  • Miguel Ángel Martínez-González
    Affiliations
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red, Área de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición. (CIBEROBN), Madrid, Spain

    Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
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  • Alfredo Martinez
    Affiliations
    Department of Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

    Precision Nutrition and Cardiometabolic Health Program, IMDEA Food Institute, Madrid, Spain
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  • Carmen Sayón-Orea
    Affiliations
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

    Navarra Institute for Health Research, IdiSNA, Pamplona, Spain

    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red, Área de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición. (CIBEROBN), Madrid, Spain

    Navarra Public Health Institute, Navarra, Spain
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      Highlights

      • Appropriate lifestyles improve the well-being of people with non-communicable diseases.
      • Diet is a key aspect of lifestyle that results from social, cultural, and regional differences.
      • Targeting eating behaviors in patients with chronic disease can significantly improve health-related quality of life.
      • Research has overlooked particular eating behaviors, to the detriment of health-related quality of life.

      Abstract

      Discrepancies between total life expectancy and healthy life expectancy are in part due to unhealthy lifestyles, in which diet plays an important role. Despite this knowledge, observational studies and randomized trials have yet to show consistent improvements in health and well-being, also known as health-related quality of life (HRQoL), given the variety of elements that conform a healthy diet aside from its content. As such, we aimed to describe the evidence and common topics concerning the effects of modifiable eating behaviors and HRQoL in patients with non-communicable diseases (NCD). This scoping review of six electronic databases included 174 reports (69 % were experimental studies, 10 % longitudinal studies, and 21 % cross-sectional studies). Using VOSviewer, a bibliometric tool with text mining functionalities, we identified relevant aspects of dietary assessments and interventions. Commonly observed topics in experimental studies were those related to diet quality (micro- and macronutrients, food items, and dietary patterns). In contrast, less was found regarding eating schedules, eating locations, culturally accepted food items, and the role of food insecurity in HRQoL. Disregarding these aspects of diets may be limiting the full potential of nutrition as a key element of health and well-being in order to ensure lengthy and fulfilling lives.

      Keywords

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