We sought to obtain preliminary data regarding the efficacy of duloxetine for major depressive disorder (MDD) during the menopausal transition. The secondary outcomes were vasomotor symptoms (VMS, or hot flashes), specifically assessed as daytime or nighttime, and anxiety.
After a single-blind placebo lead-in, peri- and postmenopausal women with MDD (n = 19) received eight weeks of open-label treatment with duloxetine (60 mg/day). The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (17-item) (HAM-D) was the primary outcome measure. Hot flashes were monitored prospectively using daily diaries, the Greene Climacteric Scale (GCS), and the Hot Flash-Related Daily Interference Scale (HFRDIS). Anxiety was measured with the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7).
Of 19 participants treated with duloxetine, 16 (84.2%) were evaluable (returned for ≥1 follow up), and 13 (68.4%) completed the study. Three discontinued due to side effects. The pre-treatment and final median HAM-D scores were 15 (interquartile range [IQR] 14–18), and 6.5 (IQR 4–11.5), respectively, reflecting a significant decrease (p = .0006). The response and remission rates were 56.3% (all responders were also remitters, having ≥50% decrease in HAM-D scores and final scores ≤7). Anxiety improved with treatment (p = .012). GCS and HFRDIS scores decreased significantly. Among those who reported hot flashes at baseline, number and severity of hot flashes improved significantly overall (p = .009 and p = .008, respectively). Daytime but not nighttime hot flashes improved significantly.
These data support further study of duloxetine for the treatment of a spectrum of symptoms associated with the menopausal transition.
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Published online: April 08, 2013
Accepted: March 8, 2013
Received: February 5, 2013
© 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.