Research Article| Volume 55, ISSUE 3, P247-254, October 20, 2006

Profile of menopausal women in west Anatolian rural region sample



      The aim of this study was to evaluate age at menopause, climacteric symptoms and related factors in women living in west Anatolian rural region of Turkey.


      This study included 761 menopausal women living in three rural towns. Questionnaires regarding to 10 climacteric symptoms, menopausal status, sociodemographic characteristics, parity, breastfeeding, presence of chronic illness, direct sun exposure, smoking, caffeine use and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) were filled out by face-to-face interview. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess confounding factors on the age of menopause and menopausal status.


      Mean age at menopause was 44.38 ± 5.30 years. Breastfeeding more than one year, low level of direct sun exposure and mother's early age at menopause were associated with early onset of menopause. The most prevalent climacteric symptoms were urine leakage, decreased libido, lack of energy and poor memory in post-menopausal and hot flushes in peri-menopausal women. Somatic and psychological symptoms were associated with hot flushes. HRT and osteoporosis treatment usage were higher in surgical menopause group. Osteoporosis and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DT) were more common in natural menopause group. No association was found with onset of menopause and smoking, excess caffeine use, BMI, marital status and presence of chronic illness. Cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension (HT), diabetes and obesity were common in post-menopausal women.


      Onset of menopause in Turkish women living in rural region is earlier on average women living in western or industrialized countries. Hot flushes in peri-menopausal, and urogenital, and psychological in post-menopausal women are the most prevalent symptoms. Primary care services in rural districts should focus on cardiovascular risks of menopausal women.


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