To analyze comparatively the speaking fundamental frequency (F0) between women at menacme and women in the climacterium taking or not hormonal replacement therapy.
A controlled transverse study was conducted on 45 women divided into three groups of 15 women each: Group A (women aged 20–40 years with regular menstrual cycles taking no hormonal contraceptives), Group B (women aged 45–60 years with a duration of menopause of at least 2 years taking 1 mg estradiol valerate +90 μg norgestimate per day in a continuous treatment scheme lasting at least 6 months), and Group C (women aged 45–60 years with a duration of menopause of at least 2 years taking no HRT for at least 6 months). The mean age for Groups A, B and C was 30.3, 54.5 and 56.5 years, respectively. The groups were analyzed comparatively regarding F0 values for the sustained vowels /e/ and /i/.
Mean F0 for the sustained vowels /e/ and /i/ were 215.97 and 229.89 Hz, 206.21 and 221.79 Hz, 200.71 and 212.79 Hz for Groups A, B and C, respectively, with no significant differences between groups.
Although there is evidence of a probable modulating effect of sex steroids on the larynx, in the present study no significant differences in speaking voice were observed regarding menopause or the use of HRT. The absence of such differences observed in F0 does not necessarily mean that there is no difference in vocal quality between these groups since F0 represents only a vocal parameter.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to Maturitas
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
- Preliminary on hormone receptors in the human vocal fold.J. Voice. 2000; 14: 72-81
- Sex hormones and the female voice.J Voice. 1999; 13: 424-446
- Sex steroid receptor distribution in the human larynx and laryngeal carcinoma.Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1987; 113: 1311-1315
- Voice change in adult women caused by virilizing agents.J Speech Hear Disord. 1967; 2: 126-132
- Common diagnoses and treatments in professional singers.Ear Nose Throat J. 1987; 66: 278-288
- The impact of hormonal fluctuations on female vocal folds.Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004; 12: 80-84
- The voice and menopause: the twilight of the divas.Contracept Fertil Sex. 1998; 26: 649-655
- The effects on vowels on voice perturbation measures.J Voice. 2004; 18: 318-324
- Efeitos do climatério na freqüência fundamental.Rev CEFAC. 2000; 2: 73-80
- Endocrine dysfunction.in: Sataloff R.T. Professional voice the science and art of clinical care. Singular Publishing Group, Califórnia1997: 291-297
- Speaking fundamental frequency characteristics of nonsmoking female adults.J Speech Hear Res. 1981; 24: 437-441
- The effect of postmenopause and postmenopausal HRT on measured voice values and vocal symptoms.Maturitas. 1997; 28: 47-53
- Pathologies of laryngeal mechanism.in: Stemple J.C. Glaze L. Klaben B.G. Clinical voice pathology: theory and management. Singular Thompson Learning, Canada2000: 85-143
- Acoustic analysis of the normal voice in nonsmoking adults.Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 1999; 50: 134-141
- Female suprasegmental speech parameters in reproductive age and postmenopause.Maturitas. 2004; 48: 71-77
- Phono-articulatory variations of women in reproductive age and postmenopausal.J Voice. 2004; 18: 369-374
- Dysphonia: current methods of evaluation.Ann otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 2005; 4: 163-172
- Hormones and temporal components of speech: sex differences and effects of menstrual cyclicity on speech.Neurosci Lett. 2004; 367: 44-47
- Conceito de voz normal e classificação das disfonias.in: Voz: o livro do especialista. vol. I. Rio de Janeiro, Revinter2001: 53-84
Araújo AS. Análise acústica da voz normal. Ribeirão Preto: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão, Preto da Universidade de São Paulo, 1999.
- Voice impairment and menopause.Menopause. 2004; 11: 151-158
- Female voice changes around and after the menopause: an initial investigation.Maturitas. 1996; 23: 15-21
- Análise perceptivo-auditiva. acústica computadorizada e laringológica da voz de adultos jovens fumantes e não-fumantes.Rev Bras Otorinolaringol. 2003; 69: 791-799
Accepted: February 10, 2006
Received in revised form: February 10, 2006
Received: October 20, 2005
© 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.