Research Article| Volume 10, ISSUE 1, P59-63, May 1988

Diagnostic notes — Lumbar BMC reproducibility as evaluated by means of dual photon absorptiometry

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      Three evaluations of lumbar bone mineral content (BMC) were carried out at different times at intervals of a few days in 10 normal volunteers aged between 18 and 60. The dual photon absorptiometry technique was employed (using gadolinium-153 as radioactive isotope). Data on 20 subjects aged from 23 to 62 were recorded on magnetic tape and processed ten times by the same operator. The data for individual subjects proved satisfactorily reproducible and the repeated processing of a single scan by the same investigator gave very satisfactory results. The findings demonstrate that the evaluation of lumbar BMC by dual photon absorptiometry can provide highly reproducible and acceptably accurate data.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Maturitas
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Mazess RB
        • Peppler WW
        • Chesnut III, CH
        • Nelp WB
        • Cohn SH
        • Zanzi I
        Total body mineral and lean body mass by dual photon absorptiometry.
        Calcif Tissue Int. 1981; 33: 361-363
        • Cameron JR
        • Sorenson J
        Measurement of bone mineral in vivo.
        Science. 1963; 142: 230-232
        • Cann CE
        • Genant HK
        • Ettinger B
        • Gordan GS
        Spinal mineral loss in oophorectomized women: determination by quantitative computed tomography.
        J Am Med Assoc. 1980; 244: 2056-2059
        • Nelp WB
        • Palmer HE
        • Murano R
        • Pailthorpe K
        • Hinn GM
        • Rich C
        • Williams JL
        • Rudd TG
        • Denney JD
        Measurement of total body calcium (bone mass) in vivo, using total body neutron activation analysis.
        J Lab Clin Med. 1970; 76: 151-162
        • Krølner B
        • Pors Nielsen S
        Measurement of bone mineral content (B.M.C.) of the lumbar spine. I. Theory and application of a new two-dimensional dual-photon attenuation method.
        Scand J Lab. 1980; 40: 653-663
        • Nilsson BER
        Post-traumatic osteopenia.
        in: A quantitative study of bone mineral mass in the femur following fracture of the tibia, in man, using 241-Am as a photon source. Acta Orthop Scand. 1966 (suppl. 91)
        • Roos BO
        • Sköldborn H
        Dual photon absorptiometry in lumbar vertebrae.
        in: Theory and method. Acta Radiol Ther Phys Biol. 13. 1974: 266-280
        • Peppler WW
        • Mazess RB
        Total body bone mineral and lean body mass by dual photon absorptiometry. I. Theory and measurement procedure.
        Calcif Tissue Int. 1981; 99: 353-359
        • Riggs BL
        • Wahner HW
        • Dunn WL
        • Mazess RB
        • Offord KP
        • Melton LJ
        Differential changes in bone mineral density of the appendicular and axial skeleton with aging.
        J. Clin Invest. 1981; 67: 328-335