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A population study of women in Göteborg, Sweden was carried out in 1968–1969. Altogether 1462 women participated (participation rate 90.1%). Five age strata were studied: 38, 46, 50, 54 and 60 (women born in 1930, 1922, 1918, 1914 and 1908, respectively). The same women were re-studied in 1974–1975. Information about menopausal state and, in postmenopausal women, about menopausal age was obtained on both occasions. The information given by the women in 1974–1975 agreed well with the information given in 1968–1969. Very few women started to menstruate again, if the interval since the last menstruation had been 6 mth or longer. The vast majority of the women had a spontaneous menopause. The medians of menopausal age were found to be between 49 yr 7 mth (in women born in 1908) and 50 yr 5 mth (in women born in 1918). There was a tendency towards a continuously increased menopausal age with time as judged from women born in 1908, 1914 and 1918, respectively, but women born in 1922 were found to have a median menopausal age which was more similar to that of the women born in 1908 than that of the women born in 1918. Our study has, thus, not supported the view that the menopausal age is rapidly changing.
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- The study of women in Gothenburg 1968–1969 - a population study.in: General design, purpose and sampling results. Acta Med. Scand.193. 1973: 311-318
- The population study of women in Göteborg 1974–1975 - the second phase of longitudinal study.in: General design, purpose and sampling results. Scand. J. Soc. Med.6. 1978: 49-54
- The effect of smoking on menopausal age.Maturitas. 1979; 1: 171-173
- Smoking habits in a population sample of women and in women with ischaemic heart disease.Acta Med. Scand. 1973; 549 (Suppl): 60-64
- Cross-cultural factors that affect age of menopause.in: Consensus on menopause research. A summary of international opinion. MTP, London, Beccles and Colchester1976: 73-83
Accepted: October 6, 1978
Received: July 25, 1978
© 1979 Published by Elsevier Inc.